Fascia and Fascial Anatomy

Superficial Fascia  is a continuous fascia that lies under the skin and connects to the deeper fascia.

Deep Fascia surrounds all muscles, organs and bones.

Superficial and deep fascia merge at bony margins. The area where they merge tends to be sensitive.

· Fascia is made up of collagen and ground substance. Collagen represents 40% the body’s fascia, and the rest is ground substance.

· 70% of the ground substance is water.

· Fascia holds water in like a sponge. When under duress, fascia can dehydrate and become hard, gel-like and sticky).

· Some fascia has the strength of approximately 2,000 lbs per square inch. This is why patients find it hard to straighten an area in their body with tight fascia

· Within minutes of assuming a poor body position, the body will begin to lay down collagen to support that position

· Physical and emotional stress causes the fascia to dehydrate.

· Dehydration of fascia results in poor cardiovascular flow, slow healing, decreased cellular communication, and poor posture.

Below are a list of pathologies of the Fascia.

· · Adhesions

· Adhesive capsulitis

· Benign joint hypermobility syndrome

· Calcific tendinitis

· Cardiac tamponade

· Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

· Cellulitis

· Compartment syndrome

· Constrictive pericarditis

· Dermatomyositis

· Dupuytren’s contracture

· Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

· Eosinophilic fasciitis

· Fibromyalgia

· Hemopneumothorax

· Hemothorax

· Hernia

· Marfan’s syndrome

· Meningitis

· Mixed connective tissue disease

· Myofascial pain syndrome

· Necrotizing fasciitis

· Pericardial effusion

· Pericarditis

· Peritonitis

· Plantar fasciitis

· Pleural effusion

· Pleurisy

· Pneumoperitoneum

· Pneumothorax

· Polyarteritis nodosa

· Rheumatoid arthritis

· Scars

· Scleroderma

· Scoliosis

· Sprain

· Systemic lupus erythematosus

· Tendinitis

· Wegener’s granulomatosis