Swedish Massage Therapy

I. Swedish Massage

Swedish massage is a massage technique that is most often used by massage therapists to increase relaxation, increase circulation, and improve range of motion.Pressure is applied on the body using the fingers,hands, and forearms to manipulate the soft tissues.

Swedish Massage Techniques:

1. Effleurage

Literally means to guide, stroke or touch lightly. Gliding strokes with the palms, thumbs and fingertips. Effleurage is a manipulation in which the entire palmar surface of the hand are molded to the contours of the body and applied in a stroking motion towards the heart.

2. Petrissage

Kneading movements with the hands, thumbs and/or fingers.The movements are applied with one or both hands using alternative pressure and release of soft tissues. Pressure is applied by lifting the soft tissue up from underlying structures or by compressing down toward underlying structures or by rolling. It can be superficial or deep.

a. Kneading

a movement applied with the palms, thumbs, fingertips, knuckles or forearm in a circular motion. Types include, fingertip, palmar, double thumb, knuckle and forearm kneading.

b. Wringing

applied by lifting a muscle group away from underlying structures. Between the palm and fingers of both hands, with opposing force and moving the hands from side to side with full palmar contact.

c. Picking Up

applied by lifting muscle tissue with palms, fingers or heel of one or both hands in a circular motion with pressure in the direction of venous flow.

d. Skin Rolling

skin is grasped between thumb and fingers and rolled slowly.

e. Muscle Compressions

pressure is exerted toward a muscle or muscle group and the underlying structures. Hand may be reinforced or single.

f. Muscle Squeezing

slow, deep, squeeze of a muscle.

g. C-scooping

palmar surface of the hand, thumb and fingers are used to alternately pick up and release tissues in a circular and scooping manner.

h. Muscle Stripping

a manipulation in which the thumbs, fingers, palms, ulnar border of hand, knuckles, and forearm are used. It could be single, reinforced, supported, and applied with a moderate to deep pressure in a motion along the fibers of a muscle.

3. Frictions

A technique using compression and motion that is intended to disrupt and breakdown existing and forming adhesions in muscles, tendons, and ligaments. No lotion is used for this massage technique.

4. Vibration

Oscillations to the tissue, static or running manipulation performed with palmar surface or fingertips which the hand is rested on the area and vibrated while maintaining contact.

5. Tapotement

from the French word “tapoter” which means to rap, drum or pat. A technique where brisk hacking or tapping is used rhythmically using the fingertips, ulnar borders of hands, palmar surfaces of the hands, or the fists.

a. Pincement – the tissue is gently plucked between thumb and fingertips

b. Tapping – the tissue is tapped with the fingertips

c. Hacking – performed with ulnar border of hand

d. Cupping – the hands is held in a cupped position, with fingers together, wrist pronated and the tissue is struck with the hands alternately.

e. Beating –the hand is held in a loose fist. Either the dorsal , or the ulnar surface of the fist can be used.

error: Content is protected !!